Login 中文

Measuring the Winding Number in a Large-Scale Chiral Quantum Walk


  • Impact Factor:8.385

  • DOI number:10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.260501

  • Journal:Physical Review Letters

  • Abstract:We report the experimental measurement of the winding number in an unitary chiral quantum walk. Fundamentally, the spin-orbit coupling in discrete time quantum walks is implemented via a birefringent crystal collinearly cut based on a time-multiplexing scheme. Our protocol is compact and avoids extra loss, making it suitable for realizing genuine single-photon quantum walks at a large scale. By adopting a heralded single photon as the walker and with a high time resolution technology in single-photon detection, we carry out a 50-step Hadamard discrete-time quantum walk with high fidelity up to 0.948 +/- 0.007. Particularly, we can reconstruct the complete wave function of the walker that starts the walk in a single lattice site through the local tomography of each site. Through a Fourier transform, the wave function in quasimomentum space can be obtained. With this ability, we propose and report a method to reconstruct the eigenvectors of the system Hamiltonian in quasimomentum space and directly read out the winding numbers in different topological phases (trivial and nontrivial) in the presence of chiral symmetry. By introducing nonequivalent time frames, we show that whole topological phases in a periodically driven system can also be characterized by two different winding numbers. Our method can also be extended to the high winding number situation.

  • Co-author:Qin-Qin Wang,Wei-Wei Pan,Kai Sun,Jin-Shi Xu,Geng Chen,Jian-Shun Tang,Ming Gong,Guang-Can Guo

  • First Author:Xiao-Ye Xu,Xiao-Ye Xu

  • Indexed by:Journal paper

  • Correspondence Author:Yong-Jian Han,Chuan-Feng Li,Xiao-Ye Xu

  • Document Code:000436558800002

  • Volume:120

  • Issue:26

  • ISSN No.:0031-9007

  • Translation or Not:no

  • Date of Publication:2018-06-26

  • Included Journals:SCI

  • ZipCode:

  • Fax:

  • PostalAddress:

  • OfficePhone:

  • Telephone:

  • Email:

Copyright © 2013 University of Science and Technology of China. Click:
  MOBILE Version

The Last Update Time:..